مقاله به انگلیسی در باره مدیریت مدرسه
School Administrators Manage the Big Picture
School administrators are hired to run a school, college or university. Their main focus is to ensure that the students in their institutions receive a quality education. From developing the student curriculum, to assuring that school is operating within the budget, a school administrator must be skilled in all areas of educational management. A school administrator may spend time during his day meeting with teachers, disciplining students, reporting to the school committee and doing paperwork. He also has the responsibility of keeping current with educational trends and local, state and federal laws that affect education. Administrators are responsible for interacting with government officials regarding school operations, deciding when to call off classes and approving funding for special programs. With schools facing severe budget cuts, it's not unlikely to find an administrator pitching in around the school, supervising study hall or flipping burgers. An administrators works to keep a good environment for all who work and study in his school. Unlike teachers who have summers off, administrators work year round.
School Administrators Manage People
Most administrators have assistants that they manage, like a vice principal, who oversees the day to day operations of the school. Other people that a school administrator may manage include maintenance personal, guidance counselors, office staff and cafeteria workers. In colleges and universities, administrators can be deans, department chairs or registrars. Administrators may spend time doing performance reviews and interviewing, hiring and firing teachers and school support staff. School administrators are also responsible for managing the behaviors of students. Administrators draft and enforce the schools code of conduct. They have the power to expel a student for inappropriate behavior. Administrators can also be found dealing with parents who feel that their child has issues with a teacher or other student. Administrators also hold meetings with school employees, students and parents throughout the year.
School Administrators Manage the Paperwork Pile
Administrators are responsible for ensuring that student records are up to date. They're the ones who get credit for sending home the dozens of forms and permission slips that parents must complete and return back to school each September. Administrators are responsible for completing any paperwork that is required for the local, state and federal government, including submitting background checks for school employees. Administrators also must be sure that teachers keep up with continuing education requirements and that their teaching licenses are current. They can also be responsible for observing, documenting and assessing student teacher performances
]1. Question of the Day --- Students love to have the sense of security of knowing that each day they come to class there is a routine in place. The class can be 45 minutes of bliss and constructive production or a complete waste of time. As students enter the room, comment on the students who are working as expected, with their portfolios out on their desk, writing down the question of the day and the objectives for the day. If someone answers the question of the day, reward them with candy or a wider school incentive card. The tone of your voice should be low and convincing. If your school provides voice enhancers, use them as it is easier to speak in a low tone with a voice enhancer as you know that the sound will reach all students.
2. Portfolios -- Students love to have a portfolio to keep their notes and graphic organizers in place. Every day they come to class, they know they must take out their portfolios, and begin writing the objectives of the day down in their notebooks. They must date their work and use complete sentences. Each week, they must write a six traits writing style paragraph describing the activities and projects for the last five days. Portfolios are in the form of binders that are stored on the shelf in class. Students must sign them out on the whiteboard if they wish to take them home to assure that proper writing conventions are followed. At the end of a 45 day quarter, students will screw their notes together and take them home.
During transitions, always call out the names of the students who will be in charge. For example, if you are to get into groups, call people by their name. If students are to work in pairs on computers to do some research, call out their names and assign them computers if it is the first time. Students will know where to go the next time. Use seating plans with photos to help you remember student names. Seating plans should be in place for the very first or second day of class. This gives students a sense of security knowing that there are procedures in place and most students react to these structures by expecting them and thriving upon them. Once again use a low voice tone to direct all procedures.
Voice enhancers really help to preserve the teacher's voice. They also ensure that all students can hear. Usually a kit will contain a microphone for the teacher to wear around their neck, and another portable microphone for the students. The students really love to speak into the microphone and this gives them a chance to develop presentation skills. Surely if you don't have this technology, you can practice using voice tone as a classroom management tool by being direct and confident with your voice.
Gather your academic and job information for reference as you write the resume. You need the correct spellings, titles and descriptions of your previous employers, job positions, schools and academic degrees to develop a resume. Keep a copy of your college transcripts nearby for reference.
Set up your resume format in a word processing program on your computer. Select a standard font such as Arial or Times New Roman type in 10, 11 or 12 point. Position the page margins at least one inch on all sides. Use double spacing between each section and single spacing for the section descriptions. Write each section either in bulleted lists or in paragraph form.
Create your title section. Your name and contact information serve as the title section of the resume. Type your name in a large, bold font at the top of the first page so that it stands out. Use a slightly smaller font to add your address, phone number and email information.
Begin with a professional skills section. Draft a career objective sentence that briefly states why you are a strong candidate for a school administrator position. Next, create a list of your professional skills based upon your overall education and work experience. School administrator jobs require skills such as management, organization and problem resolution. Be sure to also include any secondary language proficiencies.
Summarize your educational background. List your academic degrees and the corresponding colleges. Include the location and the dates that you attended the school in the description. Write about your highest degree first. Mention any additional special training or certifications.
Develop a job experience section. Discuss your current job first. You can list all previous jobs since college graduation or select only the ones related to the educational field and school management. If you discuss all of your jobs, list them in categories that demonstrate your career path to school administration. For example, create a teaching category for your teaching and tutoring experience.
Include a professional development section. Write about your experience with specific school management techniques and curriculum programs. Talk about your awards and publications in this section.
List your computer skills. Many school administrative positions require a degree of proficiency in common office computer software such as Microsoft Office.
Describe your community involvement and professional association memberships. Volunteer work and professional associations gives a potential employer insight into your leadership and team work abilities.
Spell-check and proofread your resume for clarity. Print out your resume and mail it to prospective employers.
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Tips & Warnings
- Tailor your resume to each school administrator job that you pursue. Be brief and keep your resume a maximum of two pages. Create a functional resume that focuses only on educational and school management work experience instead of a chronological resume if you changed careers or have any gaps in your employment. Contact school boards that you would like to work for, even if they are not currently hiring. They can keep your resume on file if a vacancy occurs. Include your grade point average in the education section of your resume if you graduated with honors.
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- Michigan State University Alumni Association Alumni Career Services--Sample school administrator and teacher resume
- Administrators Net--Resource for school administrators to network and job hunt